officially known as the Syrian Arab Republic ,is a country in Western Asia, bordering Lebanon and the Mediterranean Sea to the west, Turkey to the north, Iraq to the east, Jordan to the south, and Israel to the southwest. Syria’s capital and largest city is Damascus.
Since the Syrian Civil War started and the extensive use of explosive weapons during the past and continuous conflict in Syria, Explosive hazards contamination endangers lives of people living in Syria or fleeing the conflict, all parts of Syria has its share and become a scene of conflicts in which the civilian population has suffered. Among the major problems that those conflicts resulted are the presence of a large number of landmines / ERW affecting agricultural lands and roads which causes a lot victims.
Contamination and Impact
The Syrian Arab Republic is contaminated by mines and explosive remnants of war (ERW), including cluster munition remnants, a legacy of Arab-Israeli wars since 1948 and the ongoing armed conflicts.
The scale and intensity of conflict involving heavy, indiscriminate weapons in Syria has tended to eclipse landmine use and casualties since 2012. The UN Mine Action Service (UNMAS) maintains a database of clashes but did not record specific instances of mine laying in 2013.However, media and other reports by groups monitoring or involved in the conflict point to continued use of mines by both sides.
Syrian refugees and opposition combatants arriving in neighboring Lebanon and Turkey in 2012 and 2013 related experiences with landmines, some of them documented by Human Rights Watch (HRW) and the media. Turkish authorities reportedly stated that between 613,000 and 715,000 landmines had been planted along the Turkish-Syrian border, making clear they were not emplaced by Turkish forces, Landmine use has also been reported on the Lebanese border, Civilian casualties have been recorded from this mine use
Mine Action Program
There is no functioning mine action program in Syria and no national mine action authority or mine action center.
In March 2012, UNMAS established an office in Damascus, initially as part of the UN Supervision Mission in Syria (UNSMIS), but this was closed in August 2012 and UNMAS does not currently have a presence in Syria. An UNMAS risk education project was included in the Syrian humanitarian response plan proposed for 2014 but Syrian authorities have not approved any visas for staff to implement it. To assist humanitarian relief agencies and eventual reconstruction, UNMAS has maintained a database based largely on open source material recording locations of armed clashes.
AMACC in Syria
AMACC implement many RE & Marking of hazardous areas in both Dar’a and Qunaitera provinces since the 2014 tell this moment throw its staff inside Syria which were trained in and certified in Jordan.